Charter yacht visits usually begin in the Falkland Islands, last between four and six weeks, and enable guests to visit remote harbours of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. Sailing vessels are now required to anchor out and can no longer tie up to the old whaling piers on shore. Yachts visiting South Georgia are normally expected to report to the Government Officers at King Edward Point before moving round the island. A large source of income from abroad also comes from the issue of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands postage stamps which are produced in the UK.
A reasonable issue policy few sets of stamps are issued each year along with attractive subject matter especially whales makes them popular with topical stamp collectors. There are only four genuine first day cover sets from 16 March in existence. They were stamped at the South Georgia Post Office; all those in circulation were stamped elsewhere and sent out, but the only genuine ones were kept at the Post Office on South Georgia.
These four sets were removed during the Falklands War by a member of staff of the British Antarctic Survey in the few moments the Argentinians allowed them to gather their belongings. The pound sterling is the official currency of the islands, and the same notes and coins are used as in the United Kingdom.
Although the territory has no permanent residents, the domain suffix has some popularity for website registrations, with approximately 6 million instances as of November The parts of the islands that are not permanently covered in snow or ice are part of the Scotia Sea Islands tundra ecoregion. In total there are 26 species of vascular plant native to South Georgia; six species of grass , four rushes , a single sedge , six ferns , one clubmoss and nine small forbs.
There are also about species of moss , 85 of liverworts and lichens , as well as about 50 species of macrofungi. The largest plant is the tussock grass Poa flabellata.
Other grasses include the tufted fescue Festuca contracta , the Alpine cat's-tail Phleum alpinum and Antarctic hair-grass Deschampsia antarctica , and one of the commonest flowering plants is the greater burnet Acaena magellanica. South Georgia supports many sea birds, including albatross , a large colony of king penguins , Macaroni penguins  and penguins of various other species, along with petrels , prions , shags , skuas , gulls and terns.
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Seals frequent the islands, and whales may be seen in the surrounding waters. There are no native land mammals, though reindeer , brown rats and mice were introduced to South Georgia through human activities. Rats, brought to the island as stowaways on sealing and whaling ships in the late 18th century,  have caused much damage to native wildlife, destroying tens of millions of ground-nesting birds' eggs and chicks.
While previously the island's glaciers formed a natural barrier to the spread of rats, these glaciers are now slowly melting as the climate warms. Reindeer were introduced to South Georgia in by Norwegian whalers for meat and for sport hunting. In February , the authorities announced that due to the reindeer's detrimental effect on native species and the threat of their spreading to presently pristine areas, a complete cull would take place, leading to the eradication of reindeer from the island. The seas around South Georgia have a high level of biodiversity.
In a recent study — , South Georgia has been discovered to contain one of the highest levels of biodiversity among all the ecosystems on Earth. This was scaled down during the s until the last detachment left South Georgia in March , after a new station had been built and occupied by the British Antarctic Survey.
A handful of British naval vessels patrol the region, visiting South Georgia a few times each year and sometimes deploying small infantry patrols. She carried out hydrological and mapping work as well as assisting with scientific fieldwork for the British Antarctic Survey, film and photographic units, and youth expedition group BSES Expeditions.
Bell, Aaron T. Beattie, Betsy. Indiana Magazine of History 73, no. Part of station improvements taking place at the time, the very fresh and clean platform block paving and concrete edging on Platform 4 is very noticeable in the foreground. Calhoun, Frederick S. Journal of Military History 67, no. Hotel class.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. British overseas territory in the Southern Atlantic Ocean. British Overseas Territory in United Kingdom. South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. British Overseas Territory. Coat of arms. The Crown. Monarch Queen Elizabeth II.
Sovereignty dispute Falkland Islands Dependencies. South Georgia. South Sandwich Islands. Research Stations. British Antarctic Survey. Flag Languages Postal History.
Other countries Atlas. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Pound sterling in the South Atlantic and the Antarctic. Main article: Military of the Falkland Islands. Geography portal South America portal United Kingdom portal. Retrieved 31 May Bird Island has a year round complement of four BAS personnel who undertake long-term monitoring of seabirds and marine mammals.
The South Sandwich Islands are uninhabited, though an originally undetected, and subsequently allowed, manned Argentinean research station was located on Thule from to Retrieved 23 August Archived from the original on 29 June Exploring polar frontiers: a historical encyclopedia , Volume 2, p. Psychology Press. The geology of South Georgia Report. Falkland Islands Dependencies Scientific Bureau.
Retrieved 16 April Archived from the original PDF on 7 September Retrieved 10 July July April Retrieved 10 December Climate Data for Selected Stations — in Danish. Danish Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original PDF on 27 April Headland ed. Retrieved 19 January The Island of South Georgia.
CUP Archive. Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford. Retrieved 19 May The Life of Birds. BBC Books.
BirdLife International. South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands.
Archived from the original on 3 August Retrieved 8 July Archived from the original on 8 July Times Online. The Independent. BBC News. Retrieved 3 July Financial Times. Surprise, surprise". George Wright Society. Archived 12 June at the Wayback Machine Largest protected area in the world. Portsmouth, 11 January IHS Jane's Retrieved 2 August Retrieved 8 October Capital: King Edward Point.
Countries, territories and dependencies of the United Kingdom.